Epilepsy

Epilepsy or Apasmara in Ayurveda is a neurological disorder characterized by sudden recurring fits of seizures with or without loss of conscience. It is a neurological disorder which can occur either as a symptom of a brain diseaseor without any known pathology. An epileptic attack may range from mild episodes of progressive numbing of a part of the body to sudden involuntary contractions of the muscles.
It is generally characterized by ‘clinical events’ called seizures featured by instantaneous loss of memory with or without spasm of body (generalized or localized). Violent convulsions, twitching of the muscles, biting of the tongue, distorted fixation of thumb, rotation of the head etc are a few of the other symptoms seen in patients suffering from epilepsy. Factors like deprivation of sleep, high fever, use of alcohol, alcohol withdrawal, mental stress etc can trigger seizures. 
According to Ayurveda, epilepsy is a result of the vitiation of the vata dosha which particularly affects the head. However, it can also be caused by vitiation of pitta or kapha. Sometimes external situations combine with internal doshasto cause this disease, but external events can never be the sole cause. It is described as Apasmara or apasmaram in Ayurveda.

 Causes of Epilepsy

  • Occurs due to electrical impulses produced in the brain
  • Genetic factors,
  • Birth injury to brain
  • Hydrocephalus & cerebral anoxia
  • Drugs and alcohol, Tumors, tuberculosis, parasites in the brain
  • Drugs like penicillin, chloroquine, medicines for depression, angina etc
  • Meningitis, renal and liver failure etc

Ayurvedic Treatments for Epilepsy

  • Ayurvedic treatment for epilepsy would include:
  • Panchakarma treatments (Purification treatments)
  • Internal medicines like kashayams, lehyams, choornams etc
  • Therapies like siro pichu (oleation of the cerebral sutures), thalam (retaining medicated oil on head), siro dhara (pouring of medicated oil over head),
  • Yoga and meditations would also be helpful.

Ayurvedic Remedies for Epilepsy 

  • Avoid eating unclean and unwholesome foods 
  • Avoid all types of mental strains.
  • Maintain regular sleep-patterns
  • Have a well-balanced diet
  • Regulate the lifestyle with Ayurvedic daily routine
  • Exercise regularly
  • Do not suppress natural urges
  • Practice yoga and meditation regularly
  • Intake of pungent food strictly prohibited.
Ayurveda & Neurological Disorders

As Alzheimers disease is a result of vitiation of vata dosha they are advised to consume vata pacifying foods. A diet of basmati rice, dal, well cooked vegetables etc are all thus recommended. Ayurveda uses medicinal herbs in the several formulations that it makes for treating epilepsy patients. The medicinal herbs used commonly are brahmi, sanku puspam, malkagni, and jata manzi. These medicinal herbs are used in the preparation of kashayams, lehyams, choornam and aristams for epilepsy patients.

Patients suffering from migraine and headache should maintain good dietary habits. This will ensure good health and offer immunity from recurring bouts of headaches. During the time of head ache they should not eat very heavy meals. Consuming cooked vegetables without having it fried in oil should be encouraged. Ayurvedic treatment of multiple sclerosis involves the use of medicinal herbs in the preparations of kashayams, arishtams, choornams, lehyams etc. These medicinal herbs have been time tested and have been found effective from the earliest of times. Parkinson's disease patients are given oral medicines as part of the rejuvenation treatment in ayurveda. These oral medicines are extracts of pure medicinal herbs and are used in the preparation of kashayams, lehyams, choornams etc to be consumed by patients suffering from Parkinson's disease

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